Fundamentals of Neurofeedback - Overview
Updated: Feb 25
How the Brain Works
The brain is a fascinating, complex organ which controls every aspect of our daily life. It communicates using electronic signals transferred using neurons, also called brain waves. These brain waves have different functions which correlate to different types of thoughts, such as daydreaming, focusing, and relaxing.
What is Neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback, is a non-drug treatment, and belongs to a group of therapies called biofeedback. The goal of neurofeedback is to train the brain to regulate itself, and to help the person training to understand when their brain is in the desired state. Eventually, the patient can control these processes without being monitored.
A Brief History of Neurofeedback
Humans have been interested in the workings of the brain since ancient times. The origins of neurofeedback are fascinating, and scientists have been studying its effects for decades. Since the 1960’s, neurofeedback has been used as a therapy with surprising results.
How Does Neurofeedback Work?
The purpose of neurofeedback is to train specific brain waves in a certain way using positive and negative feedback. This feedback can be visual or audio, and training can be done by playing a game or watching a video. Neurofeedback training is done as part of a treatment plan, usually of 30 to 40 sessions of 30-40 minutes each. Clients usually start to see results after 5 to 10 sessions.
Who Can Benefit from Neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback, or EEG biofeedback, has been found to be beneficial in treating a variety of different brain disorders, including ADD/ADHD, epilepsy, depression, anxiety and PTSD, autism, and rehabilitation of traumatic brain injuries. People with various brain disorders have been shown to have different patterns of brain waves than the general population in predictable ways. Neurofeedback can help change these patterns, alleviating symptoms over time and without side effects.